CT Colonography

(Computed Tomography Colonography; Virtual Colonoscopy)
  • Definition

    CT colonography is a radiology test that looks at your large intestines, also called your colon. It is one of many options for colon cancer screenings.
  • Reasons for Test

    This test is used to look for polyps or cancers of the colon.
    Colon Polyps
    Nucleus Image
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
  • Possible Complications

    CT colonography is safe. It can be used if you are too sick to have other forms of colon cancer screening.
    In some cases, a contrast material is used. One complication may be an allergic reaction to the contrast.
  • What to Expect

    Prior to Test
    • Do not eat for 8-12 hours prior to the test.
    • A bowel cleansing will be done with a laxative. The goal of the cleansing is to rid your colon of all stool. The laxative will cause you to have many bowel movements over several hours.
    • If you have diabetes , talk to your doctor about adjusting your medicines.
    Description of the Test
    A radiologist will position you on your back on a movable x-ray table. Just before the test, a small tube will be inserted into your rectum. Air will be gently pumped through this tube. The table will move slowly though the donut-shaped CT scanner. While this is happening, you will need to lie very still. You will be asked to hold your breath during the scan. The scanning test will then be repeated with you lying on your stomach.
    After Test
    You will be able to leave after the test is done. You can resume your normal diet and activities.
    How Long Will It Take?
    30-40 minutes
    Will It Hurt?
    You may feel cramping and bloating. You may feel the urge to have a bowel movement.
    Results
    An expert will review the images. If something abnormal is seen, your doctor may suggest a colonoscopy .
  • Call Your Doctor

    If you were given contrast, call your doctor if you notice:
    • Nausea
    • Itching
    • Difficulty breathing
    In case of an emergency, call for medical help right away.
  • RESOURCES

    American College of Gastroenterology http://www.acg.gi.org

    National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov

    CANADIAN RESOURCES

    Canadian Association of Gastroenterology http://www.cag-acg.org

    Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca

    References

    CT colonography. RadiologyInfo.org website. Available at: http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=ct%5Fcolo . Updated June 5, 2012. Accessed March 1, 2013.

    Fletcher RH. Colorectal cancer screening on stronger footing. NEJM . 2008;359:1285-1287.

    Gore RM, Levine MS. Textbook of Gastrointestinal Radiology . 2nd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Company; 2000.

    Johnson CD, et al. Accuracy of CT Colonography for Detection of Large Adenomas and Cancers. NEJM . 2008;359(12): 1207-1217.

    Mulhall P, Veerappan GR, Jackson JL, et al. Meta-analysis: computed tomographic colonography. Ann Intern Med . 2005;142(8):635-650.

    Yee J. Screening CT Colonography. Radiol Clin North Am . 2004;42(4):757-766.

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