Urostomy

(Urinary Diversion Surgery)
  • Definition

    An ostomy creates an opening in the abdominal wall. A urostomy reroutes urine so that urine can pass through this new opening to a bag outside the body. Sometimes an internal pouch is created using the intestine.
    You should be able to return to normal activities after your urostomy.
    The Female Urinary System
    IMAGE
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
  • Reasons for Procedure

    A urostomy may be needed if urine is not able to pass through the urinary system. Most of the time, a urostomy is needed because of problems with the bladder such as:.
    • Bladder cancer
    • Birth defects
    • Chronic inflammation
    • Nerve-muscle control problems
  • Possible Complications

    Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems like:
    • Skin irritations
    • Fluid build-up in the abdomen
    • Urine flow blockage
    • Damage to other organs
    • Bleeding
    • Infection
    • Blood clots
    Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications such as:
  • What to Expect

    Prior to Procedure
    Your doctor will go over your family and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Part of the exam may include tests, like:
    • Urine tests
    • Blood tests
    • Cystoscopy
    • MRI or CT scan
    • Urography
    You may also need to:
    • Discuss any allergies or allergies to medications that you have.
    • Tell your doctor about any medications, herbs, or supplements you take.
    • Know what paperwork you will need to bring with you.
    • Arrange for a ride from the hospital and help at home.
    • Do not eat or drink the night before your surgery.
    You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to one week before the procedure, like:
    • Anti-inflammatory drugs
    • Blood thinners
    • Antiplatelets
    Anesthesia
    You will have general anesthesia . It will block pain and keep you asleep.
    Description of the Procedure
    An incision is made in the abdomen. A piece of intestine will be removed. The tubes that pass urine to the bladder will be detached from the bladder. The tubes are then reattached to the intestine that was removed. The other end of the intestine is then brought through the abdominal wall to form a stoma. One end is closed together to make a pouch that holds urine inside the body. The bladder may or may not be removed.
    The abdomen will be closed. Stitches or staples will be used to close the skin.
    Immediately After Procedure
    Your breathing tube will be removed. You will be taken to the recovery room.
    How Long Will It Take?
    About 2-5 hours.
    How Much Will It Hurt?
    Anesthesia will prevent pain during surgery. Pain and discomfort after the procedure can be managed with medications.
    Average Hospital Stay
    You will be in the hospital for a few days. Your doctor may keep you in the hospital longer if you have any complications.
    Post-procedure Care
    At the Hospital
    At the hospital, you will:
    • Walk as soon as you are able to help prevent blood clots.
    • Receive nutrition through an IV until your gastrointestinal tract is functioning again.
    • Learn how to change the urine pouch and dispose of urine.
    • Learn how to take care of the stoma.
    Preventing Infection
    During your stay, the hospital staff will take steps to reduce your chance of infection, such as:
    • Washing their hands
    • Wearing gloves or masks
    • Keeping your incisions covered
    There are also steps you can take to reduce your chance of infection, such as:
    • Washing your hands often and reminding your healthcare providers to do the same
    • Reminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masks
    • Not allowing others to touch your incision
    At Home
    When you return home, take these steps:
    • Care for your stoma as directed.
    • Change your pouch on a regular schedule.
    • When it is okay to get the stoma wet, do not use bath oils or salts in the water.
    • Be sure to follow your doctor's instructions.
  • Call Your Doctor

    Call your doctor if any of these occur:
    • Fever or chills
    • Persistent nausea or vomiting
    • Pain that you cannot control with the medications you have been given
    • Unusual discharge such as pus, extreme cloudiness, or strong odor
    • Redness, swelling, or excessive bleeding from the stoma site
    • Unusual changes in stoma size or color
    • Change in urine frequency or amount
    • Back or abdominal pain
    • Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
    If you think you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
  • RESOURCES

    American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org

    United Ostomy Associations of America http://www.uoaa.org

    CANADIAN RESOURCES

    Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca

    Canadian Urological Association http://www.cua.org

    References

    Bladder cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. May 6, 2014. Accessed May 13, 2014.

    Urostomy a guide. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/002931-pdf.pdf. Updated March 17, 2011. Accessed May 13, 2014.

    Urostomy guide. United Ostomy Associations of America website. Available at: http://www.ostomy.org/ostomy%5Finfo/pubs/UrostomyGuide.pdf. Updated 2011. Accessed May 13, 2014.

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